“Lucifer” found in the King James Version and Living Bible is a Latin word mistakenly left in when the Latin was translated into English. Therefore, “Lucifer” is nobody’s name, especially not Satan’s. The original word is translated “morning star”. See NIV. The Amplified Bible uses “light-bringer and day star”. The footnote to Isaiah 14:12 contained in The Amplified Bible says:
n. The Hebrew for this expression- “light-bringer” or “shining one” - is translated “Lucifer” in The Latin Vulgate, and is thus translated in the King James Version. But because of the association of that name with Satan, it is not now used in this and other translations. Some students feel that the application of the name Lucifer to Satan, in spite of the long and confident teaching to that effect, is erroneous. The application of the name to Satan has existed since the third century A.D., and is based on the supposition that Luke 10:18 is an explanation of Isa. 14:12, which many authorities believe is not true. “Lucifer,” the light-bringer, is the Latin equivalent of the Greek word “Phosphoros,” which is used as a title of Christ in II Pet. 1:19 and corresponds to the name “radiant and brilliant Morning Star” in Rev. 22:16, a name Jesus called Himself. This passage here in Isa. 14:13 clearly applies to the king of Babylon.
The idea that Satan was once an archangel second only to God, who rebelled and was thrown out of heaven is erroneous. Only two scriptures in the entire Bible use the word “archangel.” I Thessalonians 4:16 says that Jesus will return to earth “... with the voice of the archangel.” Jude 9 says, “Yet Michael the archangel,....” Satan was never an archangel. God never made a mistake!
The only reference of a war in heaven and Satan being thrown down to earth is in Rev. 12:7-9. But, Revelation is about the end times. If Satan was thrown out of heaven before Adam and Eve, those scriptures are completely out of context. Truth is - Satan still rules from the mid-heavens, the atmosphere around the earth. That’s why Paul called him the “... prince of the power of the air.” Eph. 2:2. He still has access to the throne of God in the Third Heaven.
Job 1: 6 says, “Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the Lord, and Satan came also among them.” The Lord and Satan engaged in conversation. Once again in Job l2:1, “Again there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the Lord, and Satan came also among them to present himself before the Lord.” In fact, Satan goes before the throne of God to accuse us “before our God day and night.” Rev, 12:10. If Satan had been cast out before Adam and Eve, there would have been no brethren to accuse and he would not be in heaven talking to God about Job.
In Luke 22:31, Jesus said, “Simon, Simon, Satan has asked to sift you as wheat....” NIV. In The Amplified Bible, the passage reads, “Simon. Simon (Peter), listen! Satan has asked excessively that [all of] you be given up to him [out of the power and keeping of God], that he might sift [all of] you like grain.” Who would Satan be asking? God, of course! Satan still has access to the throne of God to accuse and petition to have us. He hasn’t been kicked out of heaven yet! But he will soon!
When Jesus said in Luke 10:18, “I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven,” He was talking about a vision He had of Satan falling in the future. Whenever someone tells of a vision they had, he doesn’t say, “I am seeing,” or “I will see.” He says, “I saw” or “I beheld.”
Isaiah 14:12 talks about the First Adam before he fell, not Satan. Verse 16 says, “... Is this the man that made the earth to tremble....” Satan was never a man. He is spirit. Verse 11 says, “Thy pomp is brought down to the grave, and the noise of thy viols: the worm is spread under thee, and the worms cover thee.” Verse 19 says, “But thou art cast out of thy grave like an abominable branch, and as the raiment of those that are slain....” Satan never died and was buried in a grave and worms never ate his flesh. It was Adam who died and was eaten of worms in a grave. It was Adam who wanted to be God, who said, “I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God... I will be like the most High.” Is. 14:13,14. Adam was once a morning star. When he sinned against God, he lost the morning star and he saw his flesh for the first time. Gen. 3:7.
Ezekiel 28 is often erroneously thought of as referring to Satan. It refers to Adam. It was the First Adam who was created perfect till iniquity was found in him. Verse 12,15. When he sinned, he was cast out of the mountain of God. Verse 16. Eze. 28:2 says, “Because thine heart is lifted up, and thou hast said, I am a God, I sit in the seat of God, in the midst of the seas; yet thou art a man, and not God....” Again, Satan was never a man; Adam was. Verse 8 says, “They shall bring thee down to the pit, and thou shalt die the deaths of them that are slain in the midst of the seas.” Satan is a spirit that cannot die like a man. “Wilt thou yet say before him that slayeth thee, I am God? but thou shalt be a man; and no God,....” Verse 9. The word “cherub” in verse 16 means “imaginary being.” It does not mean archangel.
Satan was never perfect. He was a murderer from the beginning, and the father of lies. Jn. 8:44. I Jn. 3:8 says, “He that committeth sin is of the devil; for the devil sinneth from the beginning.” Satan was created by God as Satan. In Is. 45:7, God says, “I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil: I the Lord to all these things.” In Is. 54:16, the Lord says, “Behold, I have created the smith that bloweth the coals in the fire, and that bringeth forth an instrument for his work; and I have created the waster to destroy.” God is in complete control. Satan could never challenge God. He has to petition God to get to us. Satan doesn’t want us to know this. He wants us to fear him. But, Satan was never a morning star or archangel. It was Adam who was once a bright, morning star, and God is going to restore to us all that Adam lost:
And he that overcometh, and keepeth my works unto the end, to him will I give power over the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron; as the vessels of a potter shall they be broken to shivers: even as I received of my Father. And I will give him the morning star. Rev. 2:26-28.
It is Satan who fears the morning stars. We are children of light that shine in the darkness. When we become filled with the Holy Spirit and overcome the world, the flesh and the devil, we will become bright, morning stars once more. Satan will have no power over us. God’s army, the morning stars, are headed back to the garden of Eden to reclaim the land. “As the morning spread upon the mountains, a great people....” Joel 2:2. “(T)he Lord shall utter His voice before His army.” Joel 2:11. “... (T)he land is as the garden of Eden before them....” Joel 2:3.