By Dr. Richard Ing
claim that everything came into being as follows: There was originally nothing - a complete
void in the universe (no one can explain how the unlimited void came into being). But there was a tremendously dense mass of
gases that suddenly exploded and created all the energy and matter in the
universe. As the gasses flew into the
void, it eventually became a unified system coordinated and controlled by
certain physical laws. Millions of
galaxies were formed and the universe continues to expand at the speed of
light. Although the second law of
Thermodynamics says that “order evolves into chaos," rather than “chaos
evolves into order,” evolutionists claim that the magnificent order in the
universe came from a horrendous, chaotic explosion of matter and gases that did
not exist before.
solar system is but a tiny speck in the universe. Evolutionists claim that given the age of the
universe - 13.75 billion years, everything had time to evolve into being by pure
accident. Life emerged 2-½ billion years
ago by pure chance.
THE BEGINNING OF LIFE
claim that lightning struck rolling waves and combined with dirt in the water
to make life. Deoxyribonucleric acid or
DNA was created instantaneously and spontaneously by the formation of two long
polymers of simple units called nucleotides with backbones made of sugars and
phosphate groups joined by ester bonds and certain enzymes. This DNA contained all the blueprints that
enabled that first simple cell to hunt for food, eat it, digest it, excrete it
and then reproduce itself through a simple reproductive system. In addition, that instantaneous split second
of creation produced the ability in the simple cell to transport itself through
liquid, using many cilia that moved in concert with one another.
the same time, nature somehow created food that could be digested by that first
single cell. Eventually, that single
cell became a complex cell that over billions of years evolved into all the
life forms we have today, including man, all by pure chance.
claim that it is equivalent to a tornado hitting a junk yard and coming up with
a 747 Boeing Airplane with working instrument panels and completely capable of
reality, there is no such thing as a simple cell. The closest we can find on earth is the
one-cell amoeba. But the amoeba is far
from being simple. Hundreds of cilia on
its surface enable it to travel through fluids, seek food, surround the food
and digest it. It has a complex
reproductive system and can sense light and darkness. In fact, scientists cannot even duplicate
what an amoeba can do. It is too
to Sir Frederick Hoyle, famous scientist and mathematician, the probability of
life being created purely by chance is 1 X 1040,000, or 1 chance in
1 followed by 40,000 zeros. Since one
trillion is only 1012 , the probability of life being created purely
by accident is 1 in 3,333.33 trillion.
By comparison, there are only 1080,000 electrons in the entire
universe. Mathematicians claim that 1050
is impossible. Therefore, 1040,000
is impossible, no matter how much time is allotted and no matter how many
conceivable opportunities could exist for it to happen. Life could not have happened by pure accident.
Harold Morowitz, former professor of biophysics at Yale University,
estimates that the probability for the chance formation of the smallest,
simplest form of a living organism known is one chance in 10340,000,000. Hoyle was being over-optimistic in his
Sagan, famous evolutionist, estimated that the chance of life evolving on any
single planet like earth is one chance in 102,000,000,000.
the formation of just one molecule is impossible, how can one explain the
complexity of life forms, or the formation of the extremely detailed DNA
code? Human DNA contains three billion
pieces of information - tens of thousands of pages worth in just one
human. Did the information develop one
page at a time? In other words, each of
the pieces of DNA had to happen by chance one at a time, since each piece
controls or affects one physical characteristic. Carl
Sagan admits: The information content of
the human brain is comparable to the total number of connections among neutrons
- about a hundred trillion or 1014 bits. If written in English, it would take 20
million volumes - as many as the largest libraries contain.
you compare a 747 jet to a lowly worm, which is the most intricately
designed? The worm. Scientists cannot even duplicate all the
functions in a simple worm - its ability to sense food, avoid danger, eat and
digest, see, hear and move, etc. If the
computer, robot and 747 jet had a designer and creator, how can we think that
the worm happened by luck and chance over time?
things cannot come together piece by piece.
All the parts have to come together at once for it to work. If one part is missing, it will not work. Like an automobile, each major part of the
engine must be present for the engine to function as it should.
selection can only choose systems that are already working. Therefore, complex mechanisms would have to
arise as an integrated unit in one fell swoop, for natural selection to have
anything to act on. In other words, for
an amphibian to turn into a bird, the mechanisms that will enable a bird to fly
could not evolve over millions of years.
The complex parts had to be in place from the beginning for an amphibian
to fly. For instance, a human knee joint
has 16 essential characteristics, each requiring thousands of pieces of
information to exist simultaneously in the genetic code. Therefore, the knee could not have evolved
gradually but must have been created all at once as a whole, fully functioning
unit. An animal cannot “develop” a
fully-functioning knee over time. Same
with the human eye.
human eye has complex features that allow it to have automatic aiming,
focusing, aperture adjustment, etc. It can see in bright sunlight or dark and an
object the diameter of a fine hair, and perform 100,000 separate motions in an
average day. The eye carries on its own
maintenance work as we sleep. All of
these features have to already be in place for it to function as an eye. If any part is missing, it could not function
as an eye.
flagellum of some bacteria is a little motor-driven propeller that spins at
100,000 rpm and can change direction in a quarter turn. It is an intricate machinery that includes
the equivalent of a rotor, stator, O-rings, bushings and drive shaft and
requires the coordinated interaction of approximately 40 complex protein
parts. If any part is missing or not
available in the right proportions, it cannot function. All of these parts and functions cannot
happen by chance.
a single cell is incredibly complex. It
is like a factory that contains an elaborate network of interlocking assembly
lines, each of which is composed of a set of large protein machines. These protein assemblies contain highly
coordinated moving parts and each part
must be in place simultaneously or it cannot function. These highly intricate machines in cells are
much more advanced than what man has been able to create.
DNA in cells is far, far more advanced than any software ever created. The complexity of DNA, genes and chromosomes
defies evolution. Just about every
living creature defies evolution. If
there is even one animal that required God as its creator, then we need to
consider a creator God. Evolutionists
stubbornly refuse to acknowledge a creator but put their faith in blind
chance. In other words, everything
created in the universe was created by chance over time. It takes more faith to believe in evolution
than in God.
THE FOSSIL EVIDENCE
main basis of Darwin’s theory of evolution is that over time, one species
became another completely new species until we eventually had the over 250,000
species present today, not taking into account the many hundreds of thousands
of already-extinct species of animals and plants.
relies heavily on the discovery of fossil forms of early life. Fossils are mineralized remains. To date, over 100 million fossils of ancient
creatures such as dinosaurs have been discovered and exhibited in major
museums, many of them complete skeletons.
Some fossils have been dated earlier than 248 million years. Dinosaurs are claimed to have roamed the
earth between 248 and 65 million years ago and they were preceded by many other
life forms millions of years before that.
Field Museum of Chicago, the British Museum
of Natural History and the New York Museum of Natural History collectively
possess about 50% of all unearthed fossils.
Yet, the top paleontologists of each of the three museums have declared
that there is no fossil evidence of one species of any animal or plant evolving
into another species of animal or plant.
These individuals have custody over at least 50 million fossils and have
spent lifetimes investigating and studying them. Yet, all three have declared that they have
never found any fossil indicating that one species changed into another,
despite the existence of possibly millions of species over time.
all living forms evolved from a single ancestor, there should be millions of
fossils showing step by step how species changed in order to reach the over
250,000 known species existing today. In
addition, evolution should be an on-going process. It is not.
EVOLUTION OF MAN
biggest piece of evidence of ape changing into men would no doubt be the
discovery of many “missing links” showing the progression of ape or an ape
ancestor, bit by bit, until modern man evolved.
Yet, there is absolutely no fossil evidence that man evolved from apes
or a common ancestor, although the evolution of man is supposed to have taken
place about 245 million years after dinosaurs appeared. We have millions upon millions of dinosaur
fossils and absolutely none of humanoids, although humanoids came into being
245 millions years after the dinosaurs.
attempts and hoaxes have been presented as the “missing link” between man and
apes. Great hoopla have met each such
discovery as evolutionists gleefully claimed that this was the fool-proof
evidence of evolution. However, most if
not all of the so-called missing links have already been proven either false or
THE MISSING LINKS
have found: Nebraska
Man, Piltdown Man, Java Man, Peking Man, Neanderthal Man and Lucy. All were supposed to be “missing links”
between modern man and either apes or a common ancestor. But all of these so-called missing links have
been proven to be hoaxes.
Nebraska Man. A single tooth later found to be from an
Man. A deliberate hoax. Years after it was hailed as the missing link
that proves for all time that man was descended from apes or a common ancestor,
it was found that Piltdown Man was drawn from a skull fragment of a modern
human, and a jawbone and two teeth from an orangutan. In 1953, Joseph Weiner of Oxford University,
and Le Gros Clark of the same institution proved it to be a total forgery. The bone fragments had been stained to make
it look aged.
Man. This “missing link” was constructed from
widely scattered bones. A skull cap and femur were found far apart in a gravel
pit. These were actually unrelated parts
of a “modern” human being and a giant gibbon.
actually monkey-like skulls bashed in at the back and found with various animal
bones and tools and therefore, concluded that a “tool-using ape” were man’s
ancestors. Instead, these animals were
man’s meals and tools were used on them rather than by them.
just plain, modern people who suffered from dietary deficiencies because of the
lack of certain minerals available.
Rickets and arthritis were rampant in the remains and resulted in a
hunchbacked, head-forward walk.
Lucy could not be a missing link
because it was determined that man walked upright before the time of Lucy. Also - the bones were found 2 miles apart.
are so anxious to prove evolution that they will draw a complete human body,
with hair, ape-like appearance and body angles out of a single tooth and piece
of skull. Yet, these fraudulent claims
continue to be published in elementary school textbooks and taught to our
children as truth even after they were proven to be fraudulent, while
creationism is consistently rejected.
Even today, public schools continue teaching evolution of man from apes
or a common ancestor, without any real evidence. Evolution, it seems, is purely man’s
imagination and antichrist religion with an agenda to repudiate the existence
LACK OF FOSSIL EVIDENCE
are no transitional forms for all modern species - that’s 250,000 living
species. Once in a while, a scientist
will discover a fossil that seems to be a little different from others of its
species. They gleefully proclaim that
this is a missing link or transitional form proving Darwin’s
theory. But all so-called “transitional”
fossils stand alone with no other fossils to show the next steps in evolution. In other words, there are no successive
“transitional” fossils to trace the next steps in evolution.
are over 100 million dinosaur and similar fossils in existence today stored in
many large warehouses. On the other
hand, if you put all the so-called “missing link” humanoid fossils together,
they would fit into a small box. If the
first ape-man appeared between 244.4 million years after the dinosaurs,
why are there 100 million dinosaur fossils and no authenticated fossils of
missing links of humans? Fossils of
humanoids (human-like creatures) and post-dinosaur species should number in the
hundreds of millions. There are none.
Eldridge, a leading expert in vertebrate fossils, honestly admits that any
discovery of transitional fossils is only a very occasional slight accumulation
of change over millions of years, at a rate too slow to account for all the
prodigious changes that have occurred in evolutionary history. The few aberrations we do see cannot be
considered as firm evidence. For
instance, a fossil of a prehistoric fish was recently discovered with what
appears to be an extra bone in its frontal fin.
Evolutionists happily declared that this is proof that the fish was a
transitional form that eventually grew legs that would enable it to walk on
land. But where are all the other
transitional forms in between? It is
still just a fish with an extra bone at most.
most scientist can say is that they have discovered a few fossils that seem to
indicate some intermediary species. Yet,
these so-called intermediary species stand alone, with no other successive
fossil to indicate the next “mutant” or gradual change that ultimately resulted
in a new species.
more compelling is the complete lack of transitional fossils of all the
other modern species in existence today, not just humans.
THE CAMBRIAN PERIOD
are perplexed that there was a "species explosion" over a period of a
few hundred thousand years, during which most of our modern species suddenly
appeared, as compared to the theory that modern life forms evolved over
millions of years. In other words, most
of the species existing today suddenly came into being 200,000 years ago. About 80% of the species existing on earth
today were found in their present form in strata identified as the Cambrian
Strata or the Cambrian period of prehistoric history. Modern dating methods, including
carbon-dating, are far from being accurate.
fossil record is clear evidence that evolution is only a pipe dream. Unto this very day, there is no fossil
evidence that a cat turned into a dog or into a horse.
a species, there can be many sub-species such as with dogs and horses. But a dog is still a dog, no matter if one
has a short tail and the other a long tail.
Even among horses, there are many variations, but an Arab, Apaloosa or
draft horse is still a horse. The Arab
horse, in fact, has one less vertebra than other breeds, but it does not prove
that it is a missing link for a future new species. It is still a horse with one less
vertebrae. Frogs come in many forms,
colors and sizes, but a frog is still a frog and none of the variations is a
transitional form that will evolve into another species of animal. Natural selection does not change one species
are very rare among living species.
Moreover, mutants are overwhelmingly not an improvement on, but a lesser
model from the original and the changes are not only accidental but
non-beneficial. They did not appear because
of a need to survive. They are purely
accidental. Secondly, mutants do not
normally live long enough to reproduce.
Even if they do, they would have to find another exact mutant of the
opposite sex, with the same physical/mental features, in order to pass on their
aberrant features, given the complex system of chromosomes, genes and DNA. In the overwhelming amount of cases,
mutations did not reproduce, even where scientists intentionally mutated
simpler life forms in the laboratory and attempted to have them reproduce
do not prove evolution. They are both
rare, non-beneficial (not an advanced form) and non-reproducible. Yet, evolutionists continue to claim that one
species evolved into another through mutation.
NO PROOF OF ON-GOING CHANGES
evolution is a valid theory, that means that many species should be in
transition at this very moment and one should find many evidences of one
species evolving into another. Yet, no
such transition has ever been discovered.
In an attempt to explain this lack of on-going evolution, evolutionists
claim that all species have reached a point of perfection and therefore,
further evolution is not required. But
who told the 250,000 species on earth that they are now perfect and can stop evolving? It is not reasonable to claim that all
species reached their maximum potential and design at one period of time and
therefore there is no need to evolve anymore.
Instead, it has been found that over 80% of the species living today,
already existed in the identical form tens of millions of years ago and have
not evolved since. In other words, they
were created perfect from the very beginning.
COMPLEXITIES OF LIFE
to evolutionists, all life forms were created through pure chance or accident
and without particular design. Yet, the
human eye can see an object and transfer an image of that object to the brain
within 1/100ths of a second. It would
take the most sophisticated computer in the world today over 100 years to
duplicate that same transfer. The human
body’s skeletal system is so complex that scientists cannot duplicate most of
its functions. The twelve middle
vertebrae in the spinal column (called dorsal or thoracic vertebrae) each have
two holes on the sides, out of which over 300,000 nerve channels or fibers
emerge. These nerve fibers control most
of the functions in the human body. It
would be a colossal feat for these fibers to accidentally and without purpose,
suddenly grow out of the spinal column.
In other words, 7,200,000 nerve fibers suddenly came on the scene in a
spontaneous burst and created part of the nervous system of the human
body. Even if only part of the nerve
fibers came into existence every few million years, it would be a tremendous
feat. It is mathematically impossible.
to evolutionists, animals such as the giraffe became that way through natural
selection. Evolutionists claim that at
one time, all the grass and low bushes disappeared and the giraffe was forced
to reach up into the tree tops in order to find food to survive. Over centuries of stretching for food on tree
tops, the giraffe gradually got its long neck.
As grass and low bushes became increasingly rare over millions of years,
the giraffe’s neck became longer and longer.
But that theory is full of holes.
one thing, if the giraffe was forced to reach into tree tops for food, and no
other grazing or low bush eating animals could survive, then how come we have
found so many such animals living in the same time period that the giraffe
lived? Within the same soil strata,
scientists have found all manner of ground feeders. How did they survive? Secondly, it is known that the female giraffe
is about two feet shorter in height than the male. How did the females ever survive to
reproduce? Wouldn’t the taller males eat
all the tree tops and leave nothing for the females? What about the shorter younger giraffes? While it is true that the taller male
giraffes could have been smart enough to toss some food to the ground, modern
behavior of giraffes discount that theory.
still cannot explain how the giraffe’s special circulatory system evolved so
that a giraffe can feed on the ground and lift up its head suddenly when danger
is sensed. The sudden change in blood
pressure would cause all the blood in the giraffe’s head to drain abruptly,
resulting in the giraffe “fainting” and falling to the ground. The intricate and complex valve system in a
giraffe is amazing. Did the giraffe say
to itself, “I need to develop a heart and valve system so that when I see a
lion approaching, I can raise my head suddenly without fainting?” If it took millions of years to develop, all
the giraffes would have been devoured by predators by then.
THE FISH THAT BECAME A
MAMMAL AND THEN RETURNED TO THE OCEAN
are hard-pressed to explain their theory that in the beginning, there were only
fish that could breathe under water.
Over millions of years, some fishes gradually learned how to walk on
land and developed a lung that could breathe air when they came out of
water. They evolved into mammals. Then, for some unexplained reason, some
mammals found a need to go back to the water and that’s how we got our whales
and dolphins who are mammals.
Evolutionists claim that food on land had become scarce and mammals such
as bears or similar animal had to go back to the water to feed. One scientist claimed that he observed a
polar bear swimming with its mouth open to feed on sea weed. This, according to him, shows that mammals
returned to the water to feed.
is not clear is how these mammals could breed in the water, give birth in the
water and feed their young milk through nipples? Intermediate and transitional forms could not
live if such is the case. All of the transitional
babies would die. They had to be able to
surface for air, dive down and suckle from the very beginning. Evolution had to be overnight and not over
millions of years. The species would
have died out overnight.
other mammals, whales and dolphins cannot breathe under water, have lungs like
all mammals, hair on their body, reproduce like other mammals, have live births
and produce milk to feed their young.
They were made that way from the very beginning of their existence.
The above is only a brief
discussion about evolution. There are
many other examples of faulty thinking and outright lies regarding the
credibility of evolution. They are too
numerous to mention in this brief writing.
In fact, volumes have been written but ignored.
The truth is that only a
Creator could have done such a magnificent job of bringing so many wonderful
life forms into existence. Think about